Written at SFSU in 2017.
Datong mining area is located in Datong City, southwest of Datong, coal scale concentrated in this, is the main coal industry. With the continuous development of coal resources, the surrounding environment to varying degrees affected. The coal mining production and coal consumption annually that affects the environment and surrounding community, including air and water pollution.
As of the end of 2014, China had 62 billion tons of anthracite and 52 billion tons of lignite quality coal. China ranks third in the world in terms of total coal reserves behind the United States and Russia. Most coal reserves are located in the north and north-west of the country, which poses a large logistical problem for supplying electricity to the more heavily populated coastal areas.  At current levels of production, China has 30 years worth of reserves.
The miner in DaTong, China.
The miners are at the bottom of Chinese society, and their miserable lives are extremely incompatible with China’s booming economy. When the factories in China’s coastal areas sell their products to the world, when the city people move into high-rise buildings to acquire new cars, the miners are a group of people who work hard in dangerous environments and create value for society and the family.
Coal burning pollution.
In cities the domestic burning of coal is no longer permitted. In rural areas coal is still permitted to be used by Chinese households, commonly burned raw in unvented stoves. This fills houses with high levels of toxic metals leading to bad Indoor Air Quality (IAQ). 
In addition, people eat food cooked over coal fires which contains toxic substances. Toxic substances from coal burning include arsenic, fluorine, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and mercury. Health issues are caused which include severe arsenic poisoning, skeletal fluorosis (over 10 million people afflicted in China), esophageal and lung cancers, and selenium poisoning.
Effects of Coal Mining on Water Environment and Water Resources in Mining Area.
Coal mines are mainly concentrated in the mouth spring ditch, Yungang ditch and its sides. Shilihe, Zhiquan ditch for the main water system, but also mine drainage, industrial wastewater and domestic sewage exports.
1) long-term drainage of coal mines, most of the coal mine has not been fully utilized, resulting in waste of water resources, so that the mine groundwater resources more tense.
2) During the development of coal mines, groundwater penetrates the coal-bearing strata to penetrate into the lower pit, which reduces the amount of water in the upper aquifer and reduces the water level, which causes the water shortage of the local residents.
3) Due to the long-term drainage to form a pit-centered drop funnel, the groundwater level in the mining area is reduced, the amount of well water is reduced, the river runoff is reduced or cut off, thus affecting the normal supply of water downstream of the river.
4) coal mining after mining, underground mined-out area to become water collection space, the formation of mined area water.
China’s econmic is growing so fast today, city like DaTong have to sacrifice their own city to genrate China’s developing engine, China is developing very fast but Datong’s residents and miners have to facing environmental pollution caused by coal mining. It is unfair let the Datong’s people bear the pressure of development
Chun Y. Zhang, Water Environment Analysis and Water Resources Protectionof Datong Mining Area in Shanxi Province. Shanxi coking Coal Science & Technology. Received September 2010.
Cohen, Armond (April 21, 2014). “Learning from China: A Blueprint for the Future of Coal in Asia?”. The National Bureau of Asian Research. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
Tan Z. fu, Chen K. ting, Ju L. wei, Liu P. kuo, Zhang chen. Issues and solutions of China’s generation resource utilization based on sustainable development. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy. April 2016, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 147–160
China Labour bulletin. Coal mine accidents in China decrease as production stagnates. Supporting the Workers’ Movement in China. 03/04/2014
Environmental Health Perspectives. Household Air Pollution from Coal and Biomass Fuels in China: Measurements, Health Impacts, and Interventions. Received July 3, 2006; Accepted February 27, 2007.
Robert B. Finkelman, Harvey E. Belkin, and Baoshan Zheng. Health impacts of domestic coal use in China. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 March 30; 96(7): 3427–3431.
Zhang HJ, Tan ZF, Xu H (2013) Research on generation coal-saving effect of the tiered pricing of residential electricity under different power generation structures. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on automatic control and mechatronic engineering (ICACME’13), Bangkok, Thailand, 21–22 Jun 2013, pp 679–701