Jaduguda Uranium Mines

By: Ashley Abraham SFSU 2017

The Jaduguda Mines provide 25% of material that fuel India’s nuclear reactors[1]. However, 28% of the uranium mined are  waste and are then dumped into ponds[2]. This is an environmental issue due to the uranium radiation emitting from the ponds and the mines. Villagers reported many health issues such as fertility loss and deformities[3]. Another issue is the loss of land due to the mines which made farmers jobless[4]. I will show that the energy injustices at this site arose due to the resource curse.

Workers in the Jaduguda mines.

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Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station

By Owen Keller, SFSU, 2017

Turkey Point, a nuclear generating station located in Homestead, Florida. It was developed in 1973 and is positioned between the Biscayne National Park and the Everglades National Park, and under a half mile directly across is a wildlife refuge for crocodiles and State Botanical sites[1] TPNGS is one of the only nuclear generating stations left that uses cooling canals as their heat rejection source and these canals are the reason for their pollution, as they are prone to leakage[2] This bay is home to lots of aquatic life, all of which are being threatened not only ecologically but also commercially[3] Within a 10-mile radius there is a population of about 200,000 people with the majority of the population being Hispanic and of low income[4] These people have been enduring the harmful effects that have come from TPNGS for more than 4 decades now and have yet to see any change. The only progress the people of Homestead have seen was when TPNGS tried to expand their station a few years back, but luckily these plans of expansion were stopped through criticism of the city and other issues[5] Since the development of this site, the Biscayne Bay has been accumulating lots of harmful chemicals, which are now reaching the Biscayne Aquifer and threatening to contaminate Florida’s main source of drinking water[6] In this analysis I will further explain the energy injustice that has arose in Turkey Point nuclear generating station, where it is clear that the community of Homestead, Florida are facing an act of Environmental Racism.

Turkey Point nuclear generating station located in Homestead, Florida. (Acroterion 2012)

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Northeast Church Rock Uranium Mine

By Ariana Vega, SFSU, 2017

From 1967 to 1982, the North East Church Rock Mine was in operation by the United Nuclear Corporation (UNC) and is located within the Navajo Nation which is encompassed by Nevada, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico [1]. The Uranium mine was created to extract radioactive Uranium to generate nuclear energy and was attractive to indigenous Navajo people during the late 1960’s and through the 1980’s as it provided them with a secure job, and a steady income [2]. Consequently, Navajo workers were exposed to the radioactive material during their labor and suffered unnerving health consequences as a result [3]. Indigenous and environmental activists lobbied the Environmental Protection Agency to investigate the now categorized Superfund Site, in which the EPA had found contamination of radioactive material both downwind and downstream from the North East Church Rock Uranium Mine [4]. The confirmation of the presence of these toxic substances by the EPA and the racist, colonial motives to build a Uranium mine on Navajo land is what I will be discussing further in my research on the NorthEast Church Rock Uranium Mine.

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The Somair Uranium Mine

By Jake Clement, SFSU, 2017

The Somaïr mine extracts uranium in Arlit, Niger, from open pits over two hundred feet deep. The mine is owned in part by the government of Niger, and the French based company AREVA. This mine has become increasingly important to both parties, providing thirty-two percent of Niger’s total exports, and thirty percent of the total uranium France consumes. The economic importance of uranium is taking priority over the people mining it, as well as France having large influence over how much uranium is produced through energy colonialism.

Somair mine
An area of the mine that has already been extracted.

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Midnite Mine, Spokane Reservation, WA

By: Jennifer Watkins, SFSU, 2017

Midnite Mine is a Superfund site, formerly a uranium mine, located near Wellpinit, WA on the Spokane Reservation. The Spokane knew nothing about the detrimental effects uranium mining has on the environment and human health. The energy injustices at Midnite Mine arose because of the Spokane’s lack of knowledge, the lack of evidence showing causality between their health problems and the mining, and the lack of accountability from Newmont Mining Corporation.

Open uranium pit, similar to Midnite Mine

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Reopening of a Uranium Mine in the Grand Canyon


Written by Daniel Jimenez

        Canyon Mine located in the Grand Canyon, which lies within Arizona is a possible uranium site that was proposed and is in the process of trying to get built. The injustice stems from the fact that this site is located nearby a local tribe, the Havasupai tribe, which is affected negatively by the mine and will even be more so negatively affected if the mine gets renovated into a uranium mine. [1] Currently the mine still has effects on the people because it still has leakages of natural into the water supply. The Havasupai tribe which consists of about 775 Native Americans, are fighting day and night to prevent more injustice rising from this site. [2] Due to their socioeconomic status and positions, it is hard for them to get anywhere politically. The Obama administration put out a ban in 2012 against new uranium mines being built. However, due to the fact that this mine was established in the 1980’s, it was grandfathered in through this loophole. 


        The biggest issue with the continuation and renovation of this mine will be the constant fear and worrying of possible leaks and contamination of the only water supply for the village and tribe members. [3] Their water supply sits dangerously close to the mine site, and when drilling or mining a substance like uranium, the effects can be catastrophic, not only for the villagers but also for the people working in these conditions. Another issue with sites like this is the cleanup of them once they go out of business. Many sites are not cleaned up properly or taken care of properly once they stop operating. [4]  The open shafts and mines left behind are immediate and obvious dangers to those who travel in them and can easily be hurt by falling debris. These same people can also be injured or hurt by the materials within the mines or shafts themselves. For example, walking into a uranium mine is obviously not the best move if you want to avoid a life of cancer and radiation. But the thing is, is that without proper cleaning or deconstruction of these type of sites and everything they leave behind, people who surround the area will always be in danger. People aren’t the only ones in danger either, animals are just as susceptible or even more so, to walk into a mine like this and instantly obtain the negative effects that would come from a uranium mine. I believe the reasons for the injustice going on at this site can relate to certain theories that have been created for instances like this. The Sacrifice Zone Theory and the Resource Curse theory.


         The Sacrifice Zone theory hits this place hard because because since this mine was already built, it is already ‘lost’ or ‘used’ to the point where it doesn’t matter what happens there anymore and that it is ‘ok’ to just keep building there and hurting the environment. The Resource Curse theory affects this specific area because it has an abundance of a mineral  – in this case uranium –  that’s important to people either for economic or social purposes, and now this area is getting stripped of that uranium which continuously which affects the people who live in that area, affects the actual environmental around the resource, and worst of all, the only people who see the benefits of this resource are the ones taking advantage of it and selling it or using it for their own personal gain. For this particular site, I would say they are more victims of the Sacrifice Zone theory because since there was already a mine established there in the 1980’s, all the new laws and regulations which ban uranium mines and other types of dangerous mines do not apply to Canyon Mine. This makes this mine susceptible to companies who want to continue making a profit off of things like Uranium.

       Without the proper assistance, Havasupai villagers and members can be in for a lot of trouble. It certainly is challenging for local people to fight companies off when they don’t have the political or financial resources like these big companies do, which is why it is important to spread the word about injustices just like Canyon Mine. 


[1]Walters, J. (2017, July 17). In the Grand Canyon, uranium mining threatens a tribe’s survival. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/17/ grand-canyon-uranium-mining-havasupai-tribe-water-source

[2]Uranium Mining. (n.d.). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from https://www.grandcanyontrust.org/ uranium

[3]Clark, R. (16, November 15). Grand Canyon Uranium Mine Set to Re-Open. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from https://www.grandcanyontrust.org/blog/grand-canyon-uranium-mine- set-re-open

[4]Walters, J